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Английский язык САФУ ТК 2017 Дмитриева - 4 вариант

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Английский язык САФУ ТК 2017 Дмитриева - 4 вариант - Артикул: 190203081436-04
190203081436-04

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3

Variant 4


Part 1

  1. В следующих предложениях выделите инфинитив и переведите их, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложении.


Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Инфинитив» из грамматического справочника.

Our aim is to fulfill our work in time.

Наша цель  выполнить работу вовремя.


  1. Подлежащее:
  1. To design new machine-tools is the task of a mechanical engineer.
  2. To know the quantity of energy present in a body is very important.
  3. Its very difficult to drive a car in a big city.
  1. Часть составного именного сказуемого.
  1. Our task is to obtain a new mixture with new properties.
  2. The purpose of tension test is to determine the mechanical characteristics of a material.
  1. Часть составного глагольного сказуемого.
  1. The engineer must know the conditions under which the new material is to be utilized.
  2. The new apparatus was to control all the temperature changes during the experiment.
  1. Дополнение.
  1. The student was asked to measure the water level in the tube very accurately.
  2. He was happy to be working with the famous scientist.
  1. Определение.
  1. It is a chance not to be missed.
  2. The substance to be analysed should be pure.
  3. The material to be attacked by X-rays is placed on the screen.
  4. He was the first to speak again.
  1. Обстоятельство.
  1. To do well in the exam you should attend all the lectures.
  2. To prevent corrosion metal must be covered with paint..
  3. We stopped to have a smoke.
  4. I turned on the light to see what time it was.


  1. В следующих предложениях подчеркните инфинитив, определите его форму и функцию. Предложения переведите.


Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Инфинитив» из грамматического справочника.

1. I read the rule once more to understand it better. ( Indefinite Active, обстоятельство)

Я прочитал правило еще раз, чтобы понять его лучше.

2. The metal to be used in our experiment is to be hard. (Indefinite Passive, определение)

Металл, который будет использован (нужно, можно использовать) в нашем опыте,

должен быть твердым.


  1. The method to be employed in this case is rather complicated.
  2. This method is to be employed in our case.
  3. It is very important to determine the degree of radiation during a flight.
  4. Galileo was the first to observe sun spots with his Optic Tube in 1609.
  5. To detect broken parts in time is very important.
  6. His task was to complete the work in time.
  7. They were happy to take part in our expedition.
  8. To detect broken parts in time a new device was developed in our shop.
  9. He used his influence to get me a job.


  1. Образуйте различные формы причастий от следующих глаголов.  (При заполнении таблицы воспользуйтесь таблицей «Формы причастий» из грамматического справочника).


to contain

to teach

to give

to use

Participle I

Indefinite

Active





Participle I

Indefinite

Passive





Participle I

Perfect

Active





Participle I

Perfect

Passive





Participle II

Passive






  1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции причастия I (participle I).

Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Причастие» из грамматического справочника.

Having passed a long way we were tired.

Пройдя длинный путь, мы устали.


  1. определение
  1. A barometer is an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure.
  2. Metals being used in industry in the form of alloys have better properties than pure metals.
  3. The lab assistant making the experiment works in the evening.
  4. The boiling solution has neither colour nor odour.
  1. обстоятельство
  1. Working in the garden he found a gold ring.
  2. When working on my report I read a number of interesting articles.
  3. Being unemployed, he hasnt got much money.
  4. While crossing the road she dropped her phone.
  5. Having finished our work, we went home.
  6. Having been asked, he couldnt answer anything.
  1. сказуемое
  1. The power station is consuming great amount of coal.
  2. I had been working at the plant for two years before I entered the institute.


  1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции причастия II (Participle II). (Задание выполняется также как и задание 4).
  1. определение
  1. The diagram shown above is very interesting.
  2. Passed kilometres were very difficult.
  3. I studied the book on physics written by our teacher.
  1. обстоятельство
  1. When frozen, water is a colourless solid.
  2. Metals do not melt until heated to a definite temperature.
  1. сказуемое
  1. Much coal is consumed by the power station.
  2. The idea of space flights has attracted the attention of the people since the remotest time.


  1. Найдите причастия в предложениях, выделите их, укажите их форму и функцию и переведите предложения на русский язык.

Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Причастие» из грамматического справочника.

The letter written by my mother was lying on the table. (Participle II Passive,  определение)

Письмо, написанное моей мамой, лежало на столе.


  1. Testing the engine they found serious defects.
  2. Testing engines should be carried out on a special stand.
  3. The mechanic was testing the engine for a few hours.
  4. When heated, glass can be easily worked.
  5. The installation being utilized is very efficient.
  6. Being heated to a sufficient temperature semiconductors begin to conduct electricity.
  7. Having finished our work, we went home.
  8. Only one copy can be made.
  9. The results obtained were carefully studied.


Part 2

1. Сопоставьте термины с их значениями и сделайте перевод. (Переведите и термин и определение)

Term

Meaning

Translation

1. ALTERNATING CURRENT

ПЕРЕМЕННЫЙ ТОК

A. A depression at the termination of an arc weld.


2. BUTT JOINT

B. Filler metal in wire or rod form, used in gas welding and brazing processes and in those arc welding processes in which the electrode does not provide the filler metal.


3. CRATER

C. A crack in the weld or base metal which occurs at the root of a weld


4. FLAME SOFTENING

D. A joint between two workpieces in such a manner that the weld joining the parts is between the surface planes of both of the pieces joined.


5. GAS TUNGSTEN-ARC (TIG) WELDING (GTAW)

E. An arc welding process in which a metal electrode is held so that the heat of the arc fuses both the electrode and the work to form a weld.



6. HELMET

F. A method for softening steel by heating with a gas flame followed by slow cooling.


7. METAL-ARC WELDING

G. An electric current that reverses its direction at regularly recurring intervals.


8. ROOT CRACK

H. A joint between two members located approximately at right angles to each other in the form of a T.


9. TEE JOINT

I. A device used in arc welding to protect the face and neck. It is equipped with a filter glass and is designed to be worn on the head.


10. WELDING ROD

J. An arc welding process in which fusion is produced by heating with an electric arc between a tungsten electrode and the work while an inert gas forms around the weld area to prevent oxidation. No flux is used.



2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст “Basic Principles of Welding ”.

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF WELDING

Most metals, when heated, react with the atmosphere or other nearby1 metals. These reactions can be extremely detrimental to the properties of a welded joint. Most metals, for example, rapidly oxidize when molten. A layer of oxide2 can prevent proper bonding of the metal. These problems have led to the use of fluxes and inert atmospheres.

In fusion welding3 the flux has a protective role in facilitating a controlled reaction of the metal and then preventing oxidation by forming a blanket4 over the molten material. Fluxes can be active and help in the process or inactive and simply protect the surf aces during joining.

Inert atmospheres play a protective role similar to that of fluxes. In gas-shielded metal-arc5 and gas-shielded tungsten-arc welding6 an inert gasusually argonflows from a tube surrounding the torch7 in a continuous stream, displacing the air from around the arc. The gas does not chemically react with the metal but simply protects it from contact with the oxygen in the air.


Notes on the text

  1. nearby                                        близлежащий
  2. a layer of oxide                                слой окиси, оксидная пленка
  3. fusion welding                                сварка плавлением
  4. blanket                                        защитный слой
  5. gas-shielded metal-arc welding                дуговая сварка металлическим                                                                электродом в среде защитного газа
  6. gas-shielded tungsten-arc welding        дуговая сварка вольфрамовым

электродом в среде защитного газа

  1. torch                                                сварочная горелка





Источник: 190203081436-04
Категория: Курсовые, контрольные, задачи, тесты (Pt1) | Добавил: vrn-student (05.08.2019) | Автор: 750 W
Просмотров: 244
*Стоимость готовой работы: 750 рублей

*Срок обработки заказа от 5 минут до 24-х часов

Нужна готовая работа? пришлите ссылку на страницу в WhatsApp 79264944574 или Telegram

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