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Английский язык САФУ ТК 2017 Дмитриева - 1 вариант

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Английский язык САФУ ТК 2017 Дмитриева - 1 вариант - Артикул: 190203081436-01
190203081436-01

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3

Variant 1


Part 1

  1. В следующих предложениях выделите инфинитив и переведите их, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложении.

Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Инфинитив» из грамматического справочника.

Our aim is to fulfill our work in time.

Наша цель  выполнить работу вовремя.

  1. Подлежащее.
  1. To dissolve this substance is difficult.
  2. To use atomic energy for peaceful purposes is the task of our scientists.
  3. It was necessary to develop a new method of cutting metals.
  1. Часть составного именного сказуемого.
  1. Our duty is to master this speciality.
  2. The task of this new hydroelectric power station is to supply energy to many industrial centres.
  1. Часть составного глагольного сказуемого.
  1. Heat energy can be easily produced by motion.
  2. They should supply this plant with machinery of good quality.
  1. Дополнение.
  1. The engineer was asked to design a transistor device which will regulate the temperature in the laboratory.
  2. The engineer hoped to use that new device for automatic measurements.
  1. Определение.
  1. Engineers must know the best and most economical materials to use.
  2. The substance to be tested must be wet.
  3. The problems to be discussed at the conference are connected with  future cosmic flights.
  4. The famous scientist Lebedev was the first to solve the problem of synthetic rubber.
  1. Обстоятельство.
  1. To perform this work you should have all the necessary equipment.
  2. I read the rule once more to understand it better.
  3. To launch rockets a new type of fuel was needed.
  4. Pete went to the stadium to see the football match.


  1. В следующих предложениях подчеркните инфинитив, определите его форму и функцию. Предложения переведите.


Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Инфинитив» из грамматического справочника.

1. I read the rule once more to understand it better. ( Indefinite Active, обстоятельство)

Я прочитал правило еще раз, чтобы понять его лучше.

2. The metal to be used in our experiment is to be hard. (Indefinite Passive, определение)

Металл, который будет использован (нужно, можно использовать) в нашем опыте,

должен быть твердым.


  1. The gas to be used must be purified.
  2. This gas is to be used in our experiment.
  3. To raise oil extraction the geologists have to drill deeper.
  4. To raise oil extraction is necessary.
  5. They hoped to be sent to the conference.
  6. The lab assistant was the last to leave the lab.
  7. It is necessary to increase the output of power.
  8. Your task is to become a good engineer.
  9. You must work hard to pass this exam.


  1. Образуйте различные формы причастий от следующих глаголов. (При заполнении таблицы воспользуйтесь таблицей «Формы причастий» из грамматического справочника).


to write

to begin

to open

to play

Participle I

Indefinite

Active





Participle I

Indefinite

Passive





Participle I

Perfect

Active





Participle I

Perfect

Passive





Participle II

Passive






  1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции причастия I (Participle I).

Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Причастие» из грамматического справочника.

Having passed a long way we were tired.

Пройдя длинный путь, мы устали.


  1. определение
  1. A neutron is a participle having the same mass as a proton but carrying no electrical charge.
  2. The text being translated by the student is very difficult.
  3. Generators producing electricity get their power from steam or water turbines.
  4. The object moving is an airplane.
  1. обстоятельство
  1. Doing many exercises we learn English grammar.
  2. When going home I met an old friend of mine.
  3. Being invited too late my friend could not come.
  4. While translating the article I didnt use the dictionary.
  5. Having finished the experiment, the engineer started a series of new tests..
  6. Having been subjected to high pressure metals become highly conductive.
  1. сказуемое
  1. The transmitter will be sending signals from 2 till 5 oclock.
  2. The designer has been working at this device for three months.


5. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции причастия II (Participle II). (Задание выполняется также как и задание 4).

  1. определение
  1. Hydrogen is the lightest element known.
  2. Washed plate has broken to pieces.
  3. I have looked through the list of prices sent.
  1. обстоятельство
  1. When tested, the model broke down..
  2. Unless heated, this substance doesnt melt.
  1. сказуемое
  1. The signals were sent by the powerful transmitter.
  2. The builders will have constructed a twelve-storey house for the workers by the end of the year.


6. Найдите причастия в предложениях, выделите их, укажите их форму и функцию и переведите предложения на русский язык.


Образец:

Для правильного выполнения данного задания изучите тему «Причастие» из грамматического справочника.

The letter written by my mother was lying on the table. (Participle II Passive,

    определение)

Письмо, написанное моей мамой, лежало на столе.

  1. A molecule is a compound consisting of two or more atoms.
  2. Combining hydrogen with oxygen in the proportion of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen we produce water.
  3. While burning different substances combine with oxygen.
  4. The solution is boiling.
  5. When required, the data will be applied in our practical work.
  6. Heated glass is plastic.
  7. The energy being produced is of great importance for our town.
  8. Being used in measuring the diffusion of the metals isotopes gave much more accurate data.
  9. Having used a laser beam scientists obtained accurate calculation of Jupiters temperature.

Part 2

1. Сопоставьте термины с их определениями и сделайте перевод. (Переведите и термин и определение)

Term

Meaning

Translation

1. ACETYLENE

АЦЕТИЛЕН


A. An arc welding process in which fusion is produced by heating with an electric arc between a carbon electrode and the work. Shielding is obtained from an inert gas such as helium or argon. Pressure and/or filler metal may or may not be used.


2. BARE ELECTRODE

B. Filler metal that has been added during a welding operation.


3. CARBON-ARC WELDING

C. A joint between the edges of two or more parallel or nearly parallel members.


4. DEPOSITED METAL

D. The temperature at which a metal begins to liquefy.


5. EDGE JOINT

E. An arc welding electrode that has no coating other than that incidental to the drawing of the wire.


6. FLAME HARDENING

F. A device used in arc welding to protect the face and neck. It is equipped with a filter glass lens and is designed to be held by hand.


7. GAS CARBON-ARC WELDING

G. A gas which does not normally combine chemically with the base metal or filler metal.


8. HAND SHIELD

H. A highly combustible gas composed of carbon and hydrogen. Used as a fuel gas in the oxyacetylene welding process.


9. INERT GAS

I. A method for hardening a steel surface by heating with a gas flame followed by a rapid quench.


10. MELTING POINT

J. A welding process in which fusion is produced by an arc between a carbon electrode and the work. Pressure and/or filler metal and/or shielding may or may not be used.



2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст “ Welding”.

Welding

There are a number of methods of joining metal articles1 together. The simplest method of welding two pieces of metal together is heating. The ends are heated to a white heat2 (for iron, about 1300°C) in a flame, when the metal becomes plastic. The ends are then pressed or hammered3 together. A high temperature causes oxidation, and a film of oxide is formed on the heated surfaces. For this reason, a flux is applied to the heated metal. At welding heat4, the flux melts, and the oxide particles are dissolved in it together with any other impurities5 which may be present. The metal surfaces are pressed together, and the flux is squeezed out6 of the weld.

The heat for welding is generated in several ways. For some welds an electric arc is used. In this method, an electric current is passed across two electrodes, and the metal surfaces are placed between them. The heat which is generated melts the metal at the weld. A different method known as spot welding is usually employed for welding sheets of metal together. Two sheets are placed together with a slight overlap7, and a current is passed between the electrodes. Today the new welding methods include laser welding and electronic beam welding.


Notes on the text

  1. article                        деталь
  2. white heat                температура белого каления
  3. to hammer                ковать
  4. at welding heat        при температуре сварки
  5. impurities                примеси
  6. to squeeze out        выдавливать
  7. overlap                перекрытие, нахлест




Источник: 190203081436-01
Категория: Курсовые, контрольные, задачи, тесты (Pt1) | Добавил: vrn-student (05.08.2019) | Автор: 750 W
Просмотров: 258
*Стоимость готовой работы: 750 рублей

*Срок обработки заказа от 5 минут до 24-х часов

Нужна готовая работа? пришлите ссылку на страницу в WhatsApp 79264944574 или Telegram

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